Brest, born over one thousand years ago, survived
numerous invasions, floods, several major fires.
Its name changed in the course of 10 centuries.
In the early 19th century, a spacious Fortress replaced the old
city. A new city with pragmatic street layout was
started by Russian developers from scratch 2 km east of
the former location. The arrival of two railroads in
1870 assured Brest’s prosperity.
As late as 1911, there were 36 streets and lanes in
Brest with the total length 30 km. Houses had no
numbers. In the addresses house owner was written
instead of house numbers. Paved streets made up 40 per
cent. The city's land area, that was officially endorsed
in 1911, was about 6 sq. km. The city's boundary line
was made up by the railway lines, the river and the
In August 1915, when the city was seized by Kaiser
Germany, it lay in ruins. There are many German
postcards showing the ruins of Brest. Nevertheless after
the end of the war the city was rebuilt and even
expanded its land area up to 19,7 sq. km in the 1930s.
Polish government provided the money to turn the town
into the region’s major city. Most streets were paved.
During WW2 the Brest Fortress and the city were severely
devastated. It took over 20 years to rebuild the city.
The population of Brest has increased steadily
throughout the late 20th century. In the 1970s, Brest
and its suburbs entered a vigorous period of growth and
development. Steady growth and housing development were
eliminating the farmlands that once covered much of the
area. New suburban and industrial areas were spreading
out eastward toward Minsk, southward toward Ukraine.
Today's major building boom is boosting the population
in new residential areas. The city is sprawling eastward
along Moscow Street, that is the longest street in Brest
(9,3 km) and its main traffic artery, that proceeds
eastward to the transcontinental highway, running from
Paris to Moscow, and westward to
Today Brest covers a land area of 145 sq. km with its
extensive network of 775 small and big streets. The city
is known for its modern architecture and design, and for
its beautiful blending of tree-lined streets, parks,
gardens and neighborhoods. That's why we call Brest
green. However, today Brest faces the challenges similar
to all large urban areas, including pollution,
overburdened transportation systems, and a changing
economy. Brest has had some success in facing these
problems, that is seen even during a stroll across the
city. I suggest such a stroll with a cam.
It's impossible for one person to describe all streets
of Brest. That's why, I have chosen some major streets,
mostly in the Downtown, which were laid out in the